What is an autoimmune disease?
The immune system is made up of immune cells that are specialized in attacking and destroying cells foreign to the body – especially micro-organisms, but also harmful cells of their own, such as infected and tumor cells. In an autoimmune disease, however, the immune system takes the wrong “action”, attacking its own cells and tissues as if they were foreign.
The result is the destruction of the body’s own tissues and organs, and this damage is seen externally as inflammation. In the long term, the failure of certain of our own tissues and organs results in problems due to the failure of such tissues or organs to perform the functions they should otherwise perform in the body.
For example, if the pancreas is destroyed due to an autoimmune disease, then the person no longer has enough of the hormone insulin that the pancreas normally produces, and the result is diabetes. If part of the nervous system is destroyed, as in multiple sclerosis, then the patient loses some nerve functions and becomes paralyzed or has impaired vision, for example.
The most common are autoimmune thyroid disease, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus disease, multiple sclerosis, autoimmune diabetes, coeliac disease, Crohn’s disease, autoimmune kidney disease, and psoriasis.
Autoimmune disease is when the body starts attacking its own cells.
The causes of autoimmune disease are a combination of environmental factors and hereditary traits. Due to their hereditary characteristics, people react differently, inappropriately, and uncontrollably to a particular infection, followed by inflammation and the eventual transformation into an autoimmune disease.
All autoimmune diseases cause inflammation and thus worsening symptoms and progression of the disease itself. It is therefore crucial to reduce and contain this inflammation.
Epigenetics shows that gene expression is influenced by environmental factors.
This means that our environment and the actions we take and the decisions we make affect our genes.
They influence us in such a way that they can turn our good and bad genes on and off. So through the food we eat or don’t eat, toxins, exposure to infections, stress levels, and medicines.
These are all factors that affect our health and our immune system.
Women get sick more often than men. The reasons are not fully explained, but they are linked to fluctuations in the immune response due to an altered hormonal balance. Thus, the immune system is suppressed during pregnancy and relaxes after childbirth, sometimes too much and uncontrolled.
CAUSES OF THYROID DISEASE:
- Prolonged stress
- Psychosomatic causes